1. Be aware of some basic principles of ultrasound physics and common ultrasound artefacts.
2. Become proficient in the use of the ultrasound machine including appropriate settings, image optimisation and probe handling to enable needle guidance.
3. Develop an understanding of the relevant anatomy (and common variations) and sonoanatomy (including their relationships to adjacent structures) of peripheral forearm veins, central veins (Internal Jugular, Subclavian, Femoral) and arteries (Radial, Brachial, Femoral)
4. Understand the sonographic appearance of a needle in both transverse and longitudinal views and develop the ability to guide a needle under real-time ultrasound guidance into a target vessel using both in-plane and out-of-plane techniques
5. Be aware of the infection control policies in ultrasound guided procedures and care of the ultrasound.